Clinical and Physician Assistant Contracts of Supervision
In addition to completing the usual requirements for registration, Clinical and Physician Assistants must enter a Contract of Supervision before they enter practice.
The practise of medicine by Clinical Assistants and Physician Assistants is governed by The Regulated Health Professions Act (“RHPA”), the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba General Regulation (“General Regulation”), the Practice of Medicine Regulation, the Standards of Practice of Medicine, For reference, Legislation, Acts & Regulations can be found on our website.
Contract of Supervision
Approved Contracts of Supervision are available from CPSM by:
- Phone 204-774-4344
- Email email@example.com
In most cases, parties to a Contract of Supervision (i.e. the Clinical/Physician Assistant, Primary Supervisor, etc.) will only need to insert practice locations, site descriptions, full-time equivalence, and signature lines for all those signing into the approved form Contract of Supervision.
- The practice location is the physical location where the Clinical/Physician Assistant will be engaged in their professional practice, for example the name and address of the respective private clinic/health care facility (e.g. HSC/WRHA, Winnipeg, MB).
- The site description is a brief descriptor of the practice setting (e.g. private family practice, urgent care, etc.).
- For the purpose of Contracts of Supervision, full-time hours are forty (40) hours per week. Full-time equivalence will be the average fraction of full-time hours the Clinical/Physician is anticipated to work (i.e. 1.0 for a full-time employee, 0.5 for a half-time employee, etc.).
- All supervisors must be approved in writing by the Registrar.
- Any changes to the contract require approval in writing from the Registrar.
- Primary supervisors may only act as the primary supervisor for a maximum of 3 Clinical/Physician Assistants, unless approval is received from the Registrar to permit more.
Under Part 8 of the General Regulation, Contracts of Supervision must be associated with a Practice Description describing the practice setting in which the regulated member will work and outlining the permitted professional practice of the Clinical Assistant or Physician Assistant. The preparation of the Practice Description is the responsibility of the Primary Supervisor and Clinical/Physician Assistant but must meet certain CPSM criteria and be approved by the Registrar.
In part, the purpose of the Practice Description is to allow CPSM to understand the scope of the Clinical/Physician Assistant’s professional practice and to ensure the signatories to the Contract of Supervision mutually understand the limits of that scope so as not to exceed its bounds. Approval of the Practice Description by the Registrar is not an endorsement of competence, that must be determined by responsible supervising physicians.
Essential components of the Practice Description include:
- A description of the practice setting in which the Clinical/Physician Assistant will be engaged in their professional practice.
- A description of the Clinical/Physician Assistant’s anticipated scope of professional practice, including:
a. the type of work they will be doing, including all examinations and procedures;
b. the reserved acts the assistant will be expected to perform;
c. indication as to whether the assistant may prescribe and/or administer drugs, and any associated limitations;
d. expectations for the assistant respecting patient care, including but not limited to:
i. rounds (if applicable),
ii. history taking and physician examination,
iv. ordering and interpreting investigations; and
v. development of management plans;
e. a plan for training, education, and continuing professional development; and
f. a plan for performance evaluation and a schedule for reporting to CPSM.
CPSM maintains template Practice Descriptions for various areas of practice. Please contact CPSM if you would like one.
Respecting the practice setting, this component of the Practice Description should contain a detailed description that includes, but is not limited to, the following information:
- whether the setting is institutional or non-institutional;
- whether the setting is a departmental or program setting;
- a reasonable approximation of the typical number of patients seen in the practice setting;
- the categories of care delivered in the setting (e.g. family medicine, specialist or subspecialist care); and
- information about other health care professionals present in the practice setting.
CPSM Reporting Obligations
New CPSM reporting obligations will be integrated into the Practice Description under the heading ‘Evaluation and Assessment Performance’. For the vast majority of Clinical/Physician Assistants, the Primary Supervisor will be required to send periodic reports to the Registrar of CPSM that are satisfactory to the Registrar regarding the Clinical/Physician Assistant’s performance. Absent exceptional circumstances, for example evidence that the Clinical/Physician Assistant has worked with the Primary Supervisor within the previous few months under a similar Practice Description, reporting will occur on the following schedule:
- once per month for the first three months;
- every three months for the following 9 months, and
- every 12 months thereafter.
Reports must be satisfactory to the Registrar. An approved reporting form can be found at the following links:
Primary Supervisors may develop their own reporting form, but it would have to be pre-approved by the Registrar and at least be composed of the same information fields as appear in the above noted approved reporting form. The ITER form used within Shared Health, for example, has been determined to be satisfactory.
Reporting obligations rest with the Primary supervisor and cannot be delegated.
Applicable laws and regulations are posted on the CPSM website.
In particular, we draw your attention to the following authorities:
- Part 8 of the General Regulation concerning requirements for supervising physician assistant and clinical assistants;
- Part 6 of the General Regulation concerning title restrictions.
- CPSM’s Standards of Practice, particularly including Schedule I – Volume of Service;
- Sections 4, 5 and 6 of The Regulated Health Professions Act respecting the performance of reserved acts and the delegation of the performance of reserved acts;
- Section 6 of the Practice of Medicine Regulation respecting the performance of reserved acts and the delegation of the performance of reserved acts; and
- Part 5 of the General Regulation respecting the performance of reserved acts and the delegation of the performance of reserved acts, particularly:
a. subsections 5.8(3) and subsection 5.12 which relate to prescribing,
b. subsection 5.16(1), which prohibits Clinical/Physician Assistants from delegating reserved acts, and
c. subsection 5.20(1), which restricts Clinical/Physician Assistants to performing only those reserved acts they are authorized to perform by their practice supervisor where the practice supervisor is legally permitted and competent to perform the reserved act.
The Clinical or Physician Assistant must provide evidence of satisfactory professional liability to CPSM.
The Clinical/Physician Assistant and all members who will act in a supervisory capacity must sign the Contract of Supervision. This includes the Primary Supervisor as well as any alternate supervisors and additional supervisors.
In signing, parties to the contract acknowledge having read and understood both the Contract of Supervision and Practice Description. The Contract of Supervision can only be signed when an approved Schedule A is attached.
The Contract of Supervision contains the following termination provisions, which will be explained in more detail below:
This contract may be terminated by either Primary Supervisor or Physician/Clinical Assistant by giving thirty (30) days’ notice of the fact in writing to the other and to CPSM. It can be otherwise cancelled in accordance with subsection 8.16(1) of the General Regulation. Upon termination of the contract, Primary Supervisor and [Clinical/Physician] Assistant must advise CPSM of the circumstances which led to termination.
Those named in this Contract of Supervision as alternate or additional supervisors may have their name removed from this contract by giving thirty (30) days’ notice of the fact in writing to both Primary Supervisor and to CPSM.
Breach of Contract of Supervision
A breach of this Contract of Supervision may result in the following:
a. The imposition of conditions of Physician/Clinical Assistant’s Certificate of Practice by the Registrar;
b. Removal of an alternate or additional supervisor from the Contract of Supervision; or
c. Cancellation of the Contract of Supervision.
Under the termination provisions, a Primary Supervisor may have their name removed from a contract by giving 30 days’ notice to CPSM and the Physician/Clinical Assistant. The Physician/Clinical Assistant may exit the contract by giving the CPSM and Primary Supervisor 30 days’ notice. Any alternate or additional supervisor may have their name deleted from a contract by giving 30 days’ notice to the Primary Supervisor and CPSM.
Under subsection 8.16(1) of the General Regulation, a Contract of Supervision is automatically cancelled if the Primary Supervisor is unable to fulfil their responsibilities under the contract and none of the designated alternate supervisors can fulfil their responsibilities under the contract. The Registrar further has discretion to cancel the Contract of Supervision if one or more of its terms are breached.
In the event a Clinical/Physician Assistant can no longer work at the practice location(s) listed in a Contract of Supervision, for example due to loss of employment, the Primary Supervisor or alternate supervisor would consequently no longer be able to fulfil their supervisory role for that Clinical/Physician Assistant at the listed practice location(s) and therefore the contract would be cancelled. Thus, employment issues can have implications respecting the ability of the parties to fulfil the terms of a Contract of Supervision.
Primary and alternate supervisors are required to promptly notify CPSM if they are permanently unable to fulfil their supervisory role under the terms of a Contract of Supervision, for example in the event of loss of employment.
Clinical/Physician Assistants are required to promptly notify CPSM if they cease to practice at a listed practice location, for example due to loss or employment.
Any addition of an alternate or additional supervisor to a Contact of Supervision must be approved by CPSM. This can be done by the execution of a new contract or by way of an addendum in the approved form to the original contract.
Signing the Contract of Supervision
It is expected that when the original Contract of Supervision is signed that all intended alternate and additional supervisors will sign the same document in addition to the Primary Supervisor and Clinical/Physician Assistant. Additional rows may need to be added to the template Contract of Supervision depending on the number of supervisors. Electronic signatures are acceptable. All parties must sign the same document. Multiple versions will not be accepted. Once all parties have signed the document it must be sent to the Registrar for final approval. Once the Registrar has approved and signed the Contract of Supervision, virtual copies of the approved document will be sent via email to all listed signatories for their records and to notify them the contract of supervision has received final approval.
Examples of how the document may be signed:
- The physical document is signed by everyone at once at the same place.
- The physical document is circulated to collect signatures.
- A virtual copy of the Contract of Supervision is circulated with each successive recipient signing and forwarding the document along to the next proposed supervisor.
- An electronic copy is posted in a virtual directory that parties can access in order to sign the document.
Where a supervisor is to be added or removed to an already existing contract of supervision, either:
- A new Contract of Supervision will need to be prepared, or
- An addedum to the original contract will need to be approved by the Registrar
- Addition of Alternate or Additional Supervisor for Clinical Assistant
- Addition of Alternate or Additional Supervisor for Physician Assistant
- Removal of Alternate or Additional Supervisor for Clinical Assistant
- Removal of Alternate or Additional Supervisor for Physician Assistant
NOTE: if the PDF opens in your browser, download the PDF to your computer and open with a PDF Reader (ie. Adobe, Nuance, etc.)
Where addendums are used, they must be signed by the Primary Supervisor and Clinical/Physician Assistant. Once approved, the addendum will be added to the Contract of Supervision kept on file at CPSM. It will also be sent to all supervisors and the Clinical/Physician Assistant to be added to their copies of the Contract of Supervision. In so doing, all signatories will be kept up to date on who may supervise.