Role of the College

About The College

The medical profession in Manitoba has been self-regulated pursuant to provincial legislation since 1871.  The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba (“the College”) is the statutory body responsible for maintaining standards of medical practice within Manitoba through the administration of The Regulated Health Professions Act.

The Regulated Health Professions Act, establishes and governs the College, including Regulations, Bylaws, Standards of Practice of Medicine, Practice Directions, and Code of Ethics and Professionalism.


Duty to serve the public interest (excerpt from the Regulated Health Professions Act Section 10)

  A College must carry out its mandate, duties and powers and govern its members in a manner that serves and protects the public interest.


Mandate of the College

A College has the following mandate (excerpt from the Regulated Health Professions Act Section 10):

(a) to regulate the practice of the health profession and govern its members in accordance with this Act and the regulations and by-laws;

(b) to develop, establish and maintain standards of academic or technical achievement and qualification required for registration as a member and monitor compliance with and enforce those standards;

(c) to develop, establish and maintain standards of practice to enhance the quality of practice by members and monitor compliance with and enforce those standards;

(d) to develop, establish and maintain a continuing competency program for members to promote high standards of knowledge and skill;

(e) to promote the ability of members to respond to changes in practice environments, advances in technology and other emerging issues;

(f) to work in consultation with the minister towards achieving access for the people of Manitoba to adequate numbers of qualified and competent members of the regulated health profession;

(g) to develop, establish and maintain programs that provide information about the health profession, and that assist persons in exercising their rights under this Act and the regulations, by-laws and code of ethics;

(h) to promote and enhance the college's relations with its members, other colleges, key stakeholders and the public;

(i) to promote inter-professional collaboration with other colleges;

(j) to administer the college's affairs and perform its duties and carry out its powers in accordance with this Act and the regulations and by-laws.


The Role of the College

The College’s role is to protect the public as consumers of medical care and promote the safe and ethical delivery of quality medical care by physicians in Manitoba. This is achieved through pursuit of the following goals:



Every member of the medical profession shares the responsibility of self-governance and ensuring that appropriate standards of clinical practice and ethical conduct are followed. Membership in the College is mandatory for all physicians seeking to practice medicine in Manitoba. The jurisdiction of the College extends to its members and associate members, including physicians and clinical assistants (including physicians in training).

The College achieves this goal primarily through the performance of its three core functions:

  • Registration
  • Standards
  • Complaints and Investigation

Funding for these core functions comes almost entirely from fees paid by members. The College is separate and distinct from professional associations of physicians such as Doctors Manitoba.



The College establishes registration and licensure requirements to ensure that all physicians, physician assistants and clinical assistants are competent to practice. Standards of professional conduct and clinical practice are established through the creation of ethical rules and clinical standards, against which performance of members is measured and objectives of good patient care met. The College has the authority to take action where a member practices in a manner that is ethically and/or clinically unacceptable.



The College provides leadership for quality medical care by performing its core functions and through participating in many related activities including quality improvement programs, practice audits, and reviews of physicians' practices. It promotes regional equality in standards of physician care. As an active member of The Federation of Medical Regulatory Authorities of Canada (FMRAC), the College plays an active role in issues relating to quality medical care nationwide. The College participates in interdiciplinary initiatives with the aim of advancing patient safety and quality of care.



Responding appropriately to complaints from the public is essential. The College considers the doctor/patient relationship to be the cornerstone of quality medical care. When things go wrong and a patient seeks help, the College strives to assist the patient, preserving that relationship where possible. As part of its mandate to protect the public, the College has the authority to formally investigate complaints and discipline its members.



The College communicates its formal position relating to the interpretation of The Regulated Health Professions ActRegulationsCode of Ethics and Professionalism, Standards of Practice of Medicine, Practice Directions and Bylaws. The College also provides advice to members in its regularly published Newsletter. Members who have specific questions or concerns are encouraged to contact the College directly.